COVID-19 Outbreak-Global Vaping Industry Market Report-Development Trends, Threats, Opportunities and Competitive Landscape in 2020

Report Details


The Vaping market revenue was xx.xx Million USD in 2019, and will reach xx.xx Million USD in 2025, with a CAGR of x.x% during 2020-2025.

Under COVID-19 outbreak globally, this report provides 360 degrees of analysis from supply chain, import and export control to regional government policy and future influence on the industry. Detailed analysis about market status (2015-2020), enterprise competition pattern, advantages and disadvantages of enterprise products, industry development trends (2020-2025), regional industrial layout characteristics and macroeconomic policies, industrial policy has also been included. From raw materials to end users of this industry are analyzed scientifically, the trends of product circulation and sales channel will be presented as well. Considering COVID-19, this report provides comprehensive and in-depth analysis on how the epidemic push this industry transformation and reform.

In COVID-19 outbreak, Chapter 2.2 of this report provides an analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on the global economy and the Vaping industry.
Chapter 3.7 covers the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 from the perspective of the industry chain.
In addition, chapters 7-11 consider the impact of COVID-19 on the regional economy.

The Vaping market can be split based on product types, major applications, and important countries as follows:

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Key players in the global Vaping market covered in Chapter 12:
Nicquid;
NicQuid
Philip Morris International, Inc.
Imperial Brands
British American Tobacco
Japan Tobacco
International Vapor Group
JUUL Labs, Inc.
Altria Group, Inc.
R.J. Reynolds Vapor Company

In Chapter 4 and 14.1, on the basis of types, the Vaping market from 2015 to 2025 is primarily split into:
Disposable
Rechargeable
Modular Devices

In Chapter 5 and 14.2, on the basis of applications, the Vaping market from 2015 to 2025 covers:
Online
Retail

Geographically, the detailed analysis of consumption, revenue, market share and growth rate, historic and forecast (2015-2025) of the following regions are covered in Chapter 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14:
North America (Covered in Chapter 7 and 14)
United States
Canada
Mexico
Europe (Covered in Chapter 8 and 14)
Germany
UK
France
Italy
Spain
Russia
Others
Asia-Pacific (Covered in Chapter 9 and 14)
China
Japan
South Korea
Australia
India
Southeast Asia
Others
Middle East and Africa (Covered in Chapter 10 and 14)
Saudi Arabia
UAE
Egypt
Nigeria
South Africa
Others
South America (Covered in Chapter 11 and 14)
Brazil
Argentina
Columbia
Chile
Others
Regional scope can be customized

Years considered for this report:
Historical Years: 2015-2019
Base Year: 2019
Estimated Year: 2020
Forecast Period: 2020-2025

Chapter One: Vaping Introduction and Market Overview
1.1 Objectives of the Study
1.2 Overview of Vaping
1.3 Scope of The Study
1.3.1 Key Market Segments
1.3.2 Players Covered
1.3.3 COVID-19's impact on the Vaping industry
1.4 Methodology of The Study
1.5 Research Data Source

Chapter Two: Executive Summary
2.1 Market Overview
2.1.1 Global Vaping Market Size, 2015 – 2020
2.1.2 Global Vaping Market Size by Type, 2015 – 2020
2.1.3 Global Vaping Market Size by Application, 2015 – 2020
2.1.4 Global Vaping Market Size by Region, 2015 - 2025
2.2 Business Environment Analysis
2.2.1 Global COVID-19 Status and Economic Overview
2.2.2 Influence of COVID-19 Outbreak on Vaping Industry Development

Chapter Three: Industry Chain Analysis
3.1 Upstream Raw Material Suppliers of Vaping Analysis
3.2 Major Players of Vaping
3.3 Vaping Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis
3.3.1 Production Process Analysis
3.3.2 Manufacturing Cost Structure of Vaping
3.3.3 Labor Cost of Vaping
3.4 Market Distributors of Vaping
3.5 Major Downstream Buyers of Vaping Analysis
3.6 The Impact of Covid-19 From the Perspective of Industry Chain
3.7 Regional Import and Export Controls Will Exist for a Long Time
3.8 Continued downward PMI Spreads Globally

Chapter Four: Global Vaping Market, by Type
4.1 Global Vaping Value and Market Share by Type (2015-2020)
4.2 Global Vaping Production and Market Share by Type (2015-2020)
4.3 Global Vaping Value and Growth Rate by Type (2015-2020)
4.3.1 Global Vaping Value and Growth Rate of Disposable
4.3.2 Global Vaping Value and Growth Rate of Rechargeable
4.3.3 Global Vaping Value and Growth Rate of Modular Devices
4.4 Global Vaping Price Analysis by Type (2015-2020)

Chapter Five: Vaping Market, by Application
5.1 Downstream Market Overview
5.2 Global Vaping Consumption and Market Share by Application (2015-2020)
5.3 Global Vaping Consumption and Growth Rate by Application (2015-2020)
5.3.1 Global Vaping Consumption and Growth Rate of Online (2015-2020)
5.3.2 Global Vaping Consumption and Growth Rate of Retail (2015-2020)

Chapter Six: Global Vaping Market Analysis by Regions
6.1 Global Vaping Sales, Revenue and Market Share by Regions
6.1.1 Global Vaping Sales by Regions (2015-2020)
6.1.2 Global Vaping Revenue by Regions (2015-2020)
6.2 North America Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
6.3 Europe Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
6.4 Asia-Pacific Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
6.5 Middle East and Africa Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
6.6 South America Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Chapter Seven: North America Vaping Market Analysis by Countries
7.1 The Influence of COVID-19 on North America Market
7.2 North America Vaping Sales, Revenue and Market Share by Countries
7.2.1 North America Vaping Sales by Countries (2015-2020)
7.2.2 North America Vaping Revenue by Countries (2015-2020)
7.3 United States Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
7.4 Canada Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
7.5 Mexico Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Chapter Eight: Europe Vaping Market Analysis by Countries
8.1 The Influence of COVID-19 on Europe Market
8.2 Europe Vaping Sales, Revenue and Market Share by Countries
8.2.1 Europe Vaping Sales by Countries (2015-2020)
8.2.2 Europe Vaping Revenue by Countries (2015-2020)
8.3 Germany Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
8.4 UK Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
8.5 France Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
8.6 Italy Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
8.7 Spain Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
8.8 Russia Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Chapter Nine: Asia Pacific Vaping Market Analysis by Countries
9.1 The Influence of COVID-19 on Asia Pacific Market
9.2 Asia Pacific Vaping Sales, Revenue and Market Share by Countries
9.2.1 Asia Pacific Vaping Sales by Countries (2015-2020)
9.2.2 Asia Pacific Vaping Revenue by Countries (2015-2020)
9.3 China Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
9.4 Japan Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
9.5 South Korea Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
9.6 India Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
9.7 Southeast Asia Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
9.8 Australia Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Chapter Ten: Middle East and Africa Vaping Market Analysis by Countries
10.1 The Influence of COVID-19 on Middle East and Africa Market
10.2 Middle East and Africa Vaping Sales, Revenue and Market Share by Countries
10.2.1 Middle East and Africa Vaping Sales by Countries (2015-2020)
10.2.2 Middle East and Africa Vaping Revenue by Countries (2015-2020)
10.3 Saudi Arabia Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
10.4 UAE Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
10.5 Egypt Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
10.6 Nigeria Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
10.7 South Africa Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Chapter Eleven: South America Vaping Market Analysis by Countries
11.1 The Influence of COVID-19 on Middle East and Africa Market
11.2 South America Vaping Sales, Revenue and Market Share by Countries
11.2.1 South America Vaping Sales by Countries (2015-2020)
11.2.2 South America Vaping Revenue by Countries (2015-2020)
11.3 Brazil Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
11.4 Argentina Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
11.5 Columbia Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
11.6 Chile Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Chapter Twelve: Competitive Landscape
12.1 Nicquid;
12.1.1 Nicquid; Basic Information
12.1.2 Vaping Product Introduction
12.1.3 Nicquid; Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020
12.2 NicQuid
12.2.1 NicQuid Basic Information
12.2.2 Vaping Product Introduction
12.2.3 NicQuid Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020
12.3 Philip Morris International, Inc.
12.3.1 Philip Morris International, Inc. Basic Information
12.3.2 Vaping Product Introduction
12.3.3 Philip Morris International, Inc. Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020
12.4 Imperial Brands
12.4.1 Imperial Brands Basic Information
12.4.2 Vaping Product Introduction
12.4.3 Imperial Brands Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020
12.5 British American Tobacco
12.5.1 British American Tobacco Basic Information
12.5.2 Vaping Product Introduction
12.5.3 British American Tobacco Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020
12.6 Japan Tobacco
12.6.1 Japan Tobacco Basic Information
12.6.2 Vaping Product Introduction
12.6.3 Japan Tobacco Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020
12.7 International Vapor Group
12.7.1 International Vapor Group Basic Information
12.7.2 Vaping Product Introduction
12.7.3 International Vapor Group Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020
12.8 JUUL Labs, Inc.
12.8.1 JUUL Labs, Inc. Basic Information
12.8.2 Vaping Product Introduction
12.8.3 JUUL Labs, Inc. Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020
12.9 Altria Group, Inc.
12.9.1 Altria Group, Inc. Basic Information
12.9.2 Vaping Product Introduction
12.9.3 Altria Group, Inc. Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020
12.10 R.J. Reynolds Vapor Company
12.10.1 R.J. Reynolds Vapor Company Basic Information
12.10.2 Vaping Product Introduction
12.10.3 R.J. Reynolds Vapor Company Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020

Chapter Thirteen: Industry Outlook
13.1 Market Driver Analysis
13.1.2 Market Restraints Analysis
13.1.3 Market Trends Analysis
13.2 Merger, Acquisition and New Investment
13.3 News of Product Release

Chapter Fourteen: Global Vaping Market Forecast
14.1 Global Vaping Market Value & Volume Forecast, by Type (2020-2025)
14.1.1 Disposable Market Value and Volume Forecast (2020-2025)
14.1.2 Rechargeable Market Value and Volume Forecast (2020-2025)
14.1.3 Modular Devices Market Value and Volume Forecast (2020-2025)
14.2 Global Vaping Market Value & Volume Forecast, by Application (2020-2025)
14.2.1 Online Market Value and Volume Forecast (2020-2025)
14.2.2 Retail Market Value and Volume Forecast (2020-2025)
14.3 Vaping Market Analysis and Forecast by Region
14.3.1 North America Market Value and Consumption Forecast (2020-2025)
14.3.2 Europe Market Value and Consumption Forecast (2020-2025)
14.3.3 Asia Pacific Market Value and Consumption Forecast (2020-2025)
14.3.4 Middle East and Africa Market Value and Consumption Forecast (2020-2025)
14.3.5 South America Market Value and Consumption Forecast (2020-2025)

Chapter Fifteen: New Project Feasibility Analysis
15.1 Industry Barriers and New Entrants SWOT Analysis
15.1.1 Porter’s Five Forces Analysis
15.1.2 New Entrants SWOT Analysis
15.2 Analysis and Suggestions on New Project Investment

List of Tables and Figures
Figure Product Picture of Vaping
Table Product Specification of Vaping
Table Vaping Key Market Segments
Table Key Players Vaping Covered
Figure Global Vaping Market Size, 2015 – 2025
Table Different Types of Vaping
Figure Global Vaping Value ($) Segment by Type from 2015-2020
Figure Global Vaping Market Share by Types in 2019
Table Different Applications of Vaping
Figure Global Vaping Value ($) Segment by Applications from 2015-2020
Figure Global Vaping Market Share by Applications in 2019
Figure Global Vaping Market Share by Regions in 2019
Figure North America Vaping Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Europe Vaping Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Asia Pacific Vaping Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Middle East and Africa Vaping Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure South America Vaping Production Value ($) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Table Global COVID-19 Status and Economic Overview
Figure Global COVID-19 Status
Figure COVID-19 Comparison of Major Countries
Figure Industry Chain Analysis of Vaping
Table Upstream Raw Material Suppliers of Vaping with Contact Information
Table Major Players Headquarters, and Service Area of Vaping
Figure Major Players Production Value Market Share of Vaping in 2019
Table Major Players Vaping Product Types in 2019
Figure Production Process of Vaping
Figure Manufacturing Cost Structure of Vaping
Figure Channel Status of Vaping
Table Major Distributors of Vaping with Contact Information
Table Major Downstream Buyers of Vaping with Contact Information
Table Global Vaping Value ($) by Type (2015-2020)
Table Global Vaping Value Share by Type (2015-2020)
Figure Global Vaping Value Share by Type (2015-2020)
Table Global Vaping Production by Type (2015-2020)
Table Global Vaping Production Share by Type (2015-2020)
Figure Global Vaping Production Share by Type (2015-2020)
Figure Global Vaping Value ($) and Growth Rate of Disposable (2015-2020)
Figure Global Vaping Value ($) and Growth Rate of Rechargeable (2015-2020)
Figure Global Vaping Value ($) and Growth Rate of Modular Devices (2015-2020)
Figure Global Vaping Price by Type (2015-2020)
Figure Downstream Market Overview
Table Global Vaping Consumption by Application (2015-2020)
Table Global Vaping Consumption Market Share by Application (2015-2020)
Figure Global Vaping Consumption Market Share by Application (2015-2020)
Figure Global Vaping Consumption and Growth Rate of Online (2015-2020)
Figure Global Vaping Consumption and Growth Rate of Retail (2015-2020)
Figure Global Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Global Vaping Revenue (M USD) and Growth (2015-2020)
Table Global Vaping Sales by Regions (2015-2020)
Table Global Vaping Sales Market Share by Regions (2015-2020)
Table Global Vaping Revenue (M USD) by Regions (2015-2020)
Table Global Vaping Revenue Market Share by Regions (2015-2020)
Table Global Vaping Revenue Market Share by Regions in 2015
Table Global Vaping Revenue Market Share by Regions in 2019
Figure North America Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Europe Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Asia-Pacific Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Middle East and Africa Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure South America Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure North America COVID-19 Status
Figure North America COVID-19 Confirmed Cases Major Distribution
Figure North America Vaping Revenue (M USD) and Growth (2015-2020)
Table North America Vaping Sales by Countries (2015-2020)
Table North America Vaping Sales Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)
Table North America Vaping Revenue (M USD) by Countries (2015-2020)
Table North America Vaping Revenue Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)
Figure United States Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Canada Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Mexico Vaping Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure Europe COVID-19 Status
Figure Europe COVID-19 Confirmed Cases Major Distribution
Figure Europe Vaping Revenue (M USD) and Growth (2015-2020)
Table Europe Vaping Sales by Countries (2015-2020)
Table Europe Vaping Sales Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)
Table Europe Vaping Revenue (M USD) by Countries (2015-2020)
Table Europe Vaping Revenue Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)
Figure Germany Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure UK Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure France Vaping Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure Italy Vaping Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure Spain Vaping Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure Russia Vaping Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure Asia Pacific COVID-19 Status
Figure Asia Pacific Vaping Revenue (M USD) and Growth (2015-2020)
Table Asia Pacific Vaping Sales by Countries (2015-2020)
Table Asia Pacific Vaping Sales Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)
Table Asia Pacific Vaping Revenue (M USD) by Countries (2015-2020)
Table Asia Pacific Vaping Revenue Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)
Figure China Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Japan Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure South Korea Vaping Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure India Vaping Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure Southeast Asia Vaping Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure Australia Vaping Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure Middle East Vaping Revenue (M USD) and Growth (2015-2020)
Table Middle East Vaping Sales by Countries (2015-2020)
Table Middle East and Africa Vaping Sales Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)
Table Middle East and Africa Vaping Revenue (M USD) by Countries (2015-2020)
Table Middle East and Africa Vaping Revenue Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)
Figure Saudi Arabia Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure UAE Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Egypt Vaping Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure Nigeria Vaping Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure South Africa Vaping Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure South America Vaping Revenue (M USD) and Growth (2015-2020)
Table South America Vaping Sales by Countries (2015-2020)
Table South America Vaping Sales Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)
Table South America Vaping Revenue (M USD) by Countries (2015-2020)
Table South America Vaping Revenue Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)
Figure Brazil Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Argentina Vaping Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)
Figure Columbia Vaping Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure Chile Vaping Sales and Growth (2015-2020)
Figure Top 3 Market Share of Vaping Companies in 2019
Figure Top 6 Market Share of Vaping Companies in 2019
Table Major Players Production Value ($) Share (2015-2020)
Table Nicquid; Profile
Table Nicquid; Product Introduction
Figure Nicquid; Production and Growth Rate
Figure Nicquid; Value ($) Market Share 2015-2020
Table NicQuid Profile
Table NicQuid Product Introduction
Figure NicQuid Production and Growth Rate
Figure NicQuid Value ($) Market Share 2015-2020
Table Philip Morris International, Inc. Profile
Table Philip Morris International, Inc. Product Introduction
Figure Philip Morris International, Inc. Production and Growth Rate
Figure Philip Morris International, Inc. Value ($) Market Share 2015-2020
Table Imperial Brands Profile
Table Imperial Brands Product Introduction
Figure Imperial Brands Production and Growth Rate
Figure Imperial Brands Value ($) Market Share 2015-2020
Table British American Tobacco Profile
Table British American Tobacco Product Introduction
Figure British American Tobacco Production and Growth Rate
Figure British American Tobacco Value ($) Market Share 2015-2020
Table Japan Tobacco Profile
Table Japan Tobacco Product Introduction
Figure Japan Tobacco Production and Growth Rate
Figure Japan Tobacco Value ($) Market Share 2015-2020
Table International Vapor Group Profile
Table International Vapor Group Product Introduction
Figure International Vapor Group Production and Growth Rate
Figure International Vapor Group Value ($) Market Share 2015-2020
Table JUUL Labs, Inc. Profile
Table JUUL Labs, Inc. Product Introduction
Figure JUUL Labs, Inc. Production and Growth Rate
Figure JUUL Labs, Inc. Value ($) Market Share 2015-2020
Table Altria Group, Inc. Profile
Table Altria Group, Inc. Product Introduction
Figure Altria Group, Inc. Production and Growth Rate
Figure Altria Group, Inc. Value ($) Market Share 2015-2020
Table R.J. Reynolds Vapor Company Profile
Table R.J. Reynolds Vapor Company Product Introduction
Figure R.J. Reynolds Vapor Company Production and Growth Rate
Figure R.J. Reynolds Vapor Company Value ($) Market Share 2015-2020
Table Market Driving Factors of Vaping
Table Merger, Acquisition and New Investment
Table Global Vaping Market Value ($) Forecast, by Type
Table Global Vaping Market Volume Forecast, by Type
Figure Global Vaping Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast of Disposable (2020-2025)
Figure Global Vaping Market Volume ($) and Growth Rate Forecast of Disposable (2020-2025)
Figure Global Vaping Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast of Rechargeable (2020-2025)
Figure Global Vaping Market Volume ($) and Growth Rate Forecast of Rechargeable (2020-2025)
Figure Global Vaping Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast of Modular Devices (2020-2025)
Figure Global Vaping Market Volume ($) and Growth Rate Forecast of Modular Devices (2020-2025)
Table Global Market Value ($) Forecast by Application (2020-2025)
Table Global Market Volume Forecast by Application (2020-2025)
Figure Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast of Online (2020-2025)
Figure Market Volume and Growth Rate Forecast of Online (2020-2025)
Figure Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast of Retail (2020-2025)
Figure Market Volume and Growth Rate Forecast of Retail (2020-2025)
Figure North America Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2025)
Figure North America Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2025)
Figure Europe Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2025)
Figure Europe Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2025)
Figure Asia Pacific Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2025)
Figure Asia Pacific Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2025)
Figure Middle East and Africa Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2025)
Figure Middle East and Africa Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2025)
Figure South America Market Value ($) and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2025)
Figure South America Consumption and Growth Rate Forecast (2020-2025)
Figure Porter’s Five Forces Analysis
Table New Entrants SWOT Analysis
Table New Project Analysis of Investment Recovery

Frequently Asked Questions

The prime objective of this report is to help the user understand the market in terms of its definition, segmentation, market potential, influential trends, and the challenges that the Vaping market is facing with 10 major regions and 30 major countries.

This Vaping market report analyzed 12 years data history and forecast. It gives a historical analysis from 2015-2020 and forecast analysis for 2021-2026

Report covers Impact of Coronavirus COVID-19 on Vaping industry. The outbreak of COVID-19 has brought effects on many aspects, like flight cancellations; travel bans and quarantines; restaurants closed; all indoor/outdoor events restricted; over forty countries state of emergency declared; massive slowing of the supply chain; stock market volatility; falling business confidence, growing panic among the population, and uncertainty about future.